Children's Festival of Welsh History 2016

Locations

Compass

Cardigan Castle

Cardigan Castle

Cardigan Castle occupies a naturally strategic position which overlooks the lowest crossing point of the River Teifi affording spectacular views both seaward and inland. Lord Rhys is believed to have started rebuilding the castle in stone in 1171, the first Welsh man to build a stone Castle. In 1176, to mark the completion of the Castle, Lord Rhys held the first ever Eisteddfod, a celebration which included competitions between poets and harpists.

A few centuries after the first Eisteddfod was held at the castle, Henry Tudor, in his attempt to recruit an army to fight against Richard lll at Bosworth, called at Cardigan Castle to gather support.

Today, following a major restoration project, Cardigan Castle is open to the public for all to enjoy. It’s home to an exhibition on the history of the Eisteddfod, as well as a year long programme of varied events.

Llansteffan Castle

Llansteffan Castle

Llansteffan castle stands on a headland overlooking the sand-flats of the mouth of the river Tywi. The castle controlled an important river crossing and it changed hands several times during fierce fighting between the Normans and the Welsh.

National Wool Museum

Wool was historically the most important and widespread of Wales’s industries. The picturesque village of Dre-fach Felindre in the beautiful Teffi valley, at the turn of the 19th century was the centre of a thriving woollen industry, earning the nickname ‘The Huddersfield of Wales’. The two World Wars made huge fortunes for the mills as fabric was needed to clothe millions of soldiers. However, after the Second World War, the price of wool plummeted and the mills began to close down.

The National Wool Museum is located in the historic former Cambrian Mills. Shirts and shawls, blankets and bedcovers, woollen stockings and socks were all made here, and sold in the surrounding countryside - and to the rest of the world.

The Museum displays tell the story of the Woollen Industry through working machinery, archive material, and exciting hands-on displays and textile gallery.

St Fagans National History Museum

St Fagans

The St Fagans redevelopment project reached an exciting milestone this summer with the opening of it’s visitor entrance building and learning spaces. The performance will take place in the brand new purpose built lecture theatre in the Weston Centre for Learning.

Tenby Museum and Art Gallery

Tenby Museum

Tenby Museum and Art Gallery is the oldest independent museum in Wales, having been established in 1878.

Kidwelly Castle

Kidwelly Castle

Lord Rhys was 4 years old when his mother Gwenllian died. In 1136, a battle was fought in fields near Kidwelly castle, between Maurice de Londres and his forces, and Welsh forces led by Gwenllian and her two oldest sons, Morgan and Maelgwyn. Gwenllian was defeated and killed, along with Morgan.

In 1159, when he was 27, Lord Rhys captured and burnt the Norman castles across south west Wales, and it is very likely that this offensive included Kidwelly. Rhys is known to have built or refurbished several castles, including Cardigan castle, and perhaps Dinefwr castle. In 1190, Lord Rhys went on the offensive and Welsh chronicles record that he ‘built the castle of Cydweli’. This may have been major repairs to the original castle, which was built of earth and timber, or he may have started building the castle in stone.

Lord Rhys died in 1197 and the castle fell back into the hands of the Normans.

Narberth Museum

Narberth Museum

Narberth Museum is an arts and heritage organisation that utilises it’s collection and space for the wellbeing of all members of the community. They view themselves as guardians of the past who nurture the future through a diverse programme of workshops, events and activities for all ages. The museum is an interactive experience that celebrates local culture in new and innovative ways.

Tredegar House

Tredegar House

Tredegar House is one of the architectural wonders of Wales and one of the most significant late 17th century houses in the whole of the British Isles.

For more than 500 years the house was home to one of the greatest Welsh families, the Morgans, later Lords Tredegar. Situated within 90 acres of beautiful gardens and parkland, this delightful red brick house provides an ideal setting for a fantastic day out.

Carreg Cennen Castle, Trap, Llandeilo

Carreg Castle

Although the Welsh Princes of the Deheubarth built the first castle at Carren Cennen, what remains today dates back to Edward 1st’s momentous period of castle building in Wales.

The castle is built on a steep rock, with incredible views of the Black mountains.

Oriel y Parc, St Davids

Oriel y Parc

Oriel y Parc is an amazing and innovative building which sits discreetly in the landscape. Beneath it’s elegant façade, state of the art technologies work hard to provide a comfortable and sustainable environment.

Llandovery

Llandovery

The Normans built a castle at Llandovery to take control of the area. It was soon taken back by the Welsh under the leadership of Rhys ap Gruffydd. The castle changed hands several times as the Welsh and Normans struggled to control the upper Tywi valley.

During Owain Glyndŵr's War of Liberation (1400 – 1416), Henry lV of England led a huge army through Llandovery in search of Glyndwr. Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Fychan of Caeo, a supporter of Glyndŵr, was publicly hung, drawn and quartered before the king, because he refused to betray the Prince and the cause of Welsh freedom.

Newcastle Emlyn castle

Newcastle Emlyn castle

Maredudd ap Rhys Gryg built a timber, earth and ditch construction. Shortly after it was converted to stone.

Owain Glyndŵr, under the Red Dragon banner, captured the castle, which was swiftly taken back by the english army.

Canolfan Pentre Ifan, Nevern

Canolfan Pentre Ifan, Nevern

Canolfan Pentre Ifan opened in 1992 as an education centre and is the most recent residential centre to be established by the Urdd. The centre is also used to hold conferences, weddings and youth groups. Pentre Ifan is located some 2 miles from Newport, between Fishguard and Cardigan in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park. The area is typically rural and is noted for its magnificent views, historical remains and unique and abundant wildlife. The building is a 600-year-old Tudor gatehouse surrounded by natural woodland and farmland, ensuring a peaceful and homely atmosphere.

The National Waterfront Museum, Swansea

The National Waterfront Museum, Swansea

The National Waterfront Museum, located by the Marina in Swansea, tells the story of industry in Wales, as well as it’s maritime history. There is also a strong social history element to the exhibitions.

Carmarthen Castle

Carmarthen Castle

Carmarthen Castle is one of Wales most important castles. It was built around 1106 by Henry 1st of England. It was built near the site of Carmarthen's Roman Fort, taking advantage of a defensive position overlooking and controlling the river Towi and river access to the Welsh Princes lands of Deheubarth.

The castle was originally a Motte and Bailey but was rebuilt in stone with the shell keep built around 1230. The castle's walls encompassed parts of Carmarthen allowing a thriving medieval town to develop.

The castle has an interesting and violent history with many battles fought nearby over control of the castle, with one of the most famous incidents in the early 1400s when the castle was repeatedly taken by Owain Glyndwr during his rebellion, but recaptured by Henry VI himself.

The castle played a role in the later Civil War between 1642-45 when it was captured and recaptured before its eventual slighting in 1660, when the castle saw its remaining walls used as part of the County Gaol in the late 1600s, 1700s and 1800s.

Yr Ysgwrn

Yr Ysgwrn

A modest hill farm hunkered on the southern slopes of Cwm Prysor, Yr Ysgwrn has been an unlikely visitor attraction since Hedd Wyn’s death in 1917. A renowned Welsh poet, he was killed in action during the First World War. He was posthumously awarded the 1917 National Eisteddfod Chair at Birkenhead for his ode Yr Arwr (The Hero). Pilgrims from far and wide have visited Yr Ysgwrn, now managed by Snowdonia National Park, to view the iconic Black Chair.

Carrog Hall, Corwen

Carrog Hall, Corwen

The building was first used as a magistrate's court, but that period came to an end in the 90's. The centre is now a community centre where numerous activities are organised by many different community groups, including Cylch Ti a Fi; Youth Club, as well as being a venue for Welsh learning classes.

Owain Glyndŵr Centre

Owain Glyndŵr Centre

The Owain Glyndŵr Centre is built on the site of the famous parliament held in 1404 at which Owain was crowned Prince of Wales. This Grade 1 listed building was given to the town of Machynlleth by Lord Davies of Llandinam in February, 1912.

The Centre hosts a new interactive and informative exhibition on the life, times and vision of Owain Glyndŵr - rebel leader, national hero and self appointed prince of Wales at the beginning of the fifteenth century.

Scolton Manor, Haverfordwest

Scolton Manor

Scolton Manor is a Victorian manor house set in 60 acres of park and woodlands. Built in 1842 for the Higgon family, the manor house allows visitors a glimpse into Victorian country life both above and below stairs.

Birkenhead

Birkenhead

Following the 2017 National Eisteddfod at Birkenhead, the Black Chair was returned home to the winning poet’s home, Yr Ysgwrn. Hedd Wyn was killed six weeks before the Eisteddfod at the battle of Passchendaele, and thus the Chair, referred to as the Black Chair, was taken by train back to Trawsfynydd Hundreds of school children apparantely came to greet the train en route, to have glimpse of Hedd Wyn’s Chair, but the mood was sad and sombre.

Raglan Castle

Raglan Castle

In 1462, King Edward IV placed 5 year old Henry Tudor in the custody of Yorkist William Herbert, who owned Raglan Castle, and his wife, to be brought up at Raglan. Henry’s mother was only 13, and his father had died of plague before he was born. Henry Tudor stayed at Raglan castle for nearly 10 years.

Whilst at Raglan, Henry was tutored by two clerics, Edward Haseley and Andrew Scot, and perhaps trained in gentlemanly pursuits by Sir Hugh Johnys. He learned some archery, and may have learnt some Welsh while he was there, as the Herbert family and servants all spoke Welsh.

William Herbert had hoped to marry Henry Tudor to his eldest daughter, Maud, but he died before that could be arranged. Henry Tudor escaped from Raglan Castle, back to Pembroke Castle, when he was 14 years old.

Pontgarreg Hall

Pontgarreg Hall

The original hall was built in 1952. In 2000 the hall was refurbished and a new build kitchen, disabled toilet, toilets, changing room and showers was completed with a grant from the National Lottery Charities Board.

Capel Mynydd Seion Newport

Capel Mynydd Seion Newport

Mynydd Seion is a Welsh chapel in the city center of Newport. The chapel is on Hill Street, one of the steeper banks leading from Commercial Street to the direction of Stow Hill and to St. Woolos Cathedral.

The chapel was established in 1835 and has been a spiritual home for hundreds of families over the years.

Although it’s a part of the Union of Welsh Independents, people of different denominational traditions have worshiped at Mynydd Seion over the years and continue to do so.

There are two things that bring the friends at Mynydd Seion together: their Christian faith and the desire to worship God through the medium of Welsh. The chapel has been holding services and community activities in Welsh in Newport for over 180 years!

Archived locations

2016 locations
2015 locations